WHAT IS ERASMUS MUNDUS?
Erasmus Mundus, a cooperation and mobility program for higher education that encourages the mobility of students and staffs, and attracts the best talents to Europe and also promotes European higher education worldwide.
Launched in 2004, Erasmus Mundus continued till 2013 in two phases. From 2014, certain activities supported by Erasmus Mundus became a part of Erasmus+, the new European Union initiative for education, training, youth, and sport that ends in 2020 and the next cycle of European Commission starts in 2021.
Erasmus is named after Desiderius Erasmus, a prominent Dutch humanist in the 15th century, and is highlighted by the Latin word “Mundus”, which stands for “world”. Yes! Erasmus Mundus program furthers the European Union as a hub of excellence in learning worldwide.
Funded by European Commission with the aim of enhancing the quality of European higher education and to promote understanding and cooperation between people and cultures through establishing joint programs with third countries Erasmus Mundus has built the worldwide bridges to the future.
The aim of Erasmus Mundus also extends to encourage European institutions to collaborate with other universities in Europe and beyond, and also to develop partnerships with other educational organizations and placement providers.
The Objectives of Erasmus Mundus
The main objectives of Erasmus Mundus are:
- Internationalization of students, staff, curricula, and research;
- Ensure the influence on the development of practice in Special Education need and inclusive education;
- To develop international collaborative networks, projects & research;
- To establish cooperation between higher education institutions in Europe and in the world;
- Converging the education degree structures in Europe;
- To the European higher education system appealing worldwide;
- To create a valuable framework for exchanging of opinion between cultures
Role of the European Commission
As mentioned earlier, European Commission funds Erasmus Mundus Programme and also takes up the responsibility of managing the budget and setting priorities, targets and criteria for the programs.
European Commission guides and monitors the implementation, follow-up, and evaluation of the Erasmus Mundus program at European level.
The Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) manages most parts of the European Union Funding programs by working closely with the other departments of the European Commission is also responsible for the carrying out the Erasmus Mundus Programme.
Actions of Erasmus Mundus
Erasmus Mundus comprises of three actions related to a different type of academic cooperation, namely:
- Joint Programmes
- Attractiveness Projects
Joint Programmes (Action I)
Erasmus Mundus funds and organizes Joint Programmes in Masters Courses and Joint Doctorates that are operated by a board of higher education institutions from the European Union and the rest of the world.
It offers an integrated course and joint or multiple diplomas following the study or research at two or more higher education institutions (located in different countries). The master’s degree or the Ph.D. diplomas are offered from several different institutions on successful completion.
Joint Programmes are majorly aimed at international students aspiring to study at European Universities. And students enrolled for Joint Programmes are eligible for scholarships and fellowships covering, tuition fees, living costs, insurance and travel expenses (at least partially).
Erasmus Mundus also funds a number of scholarships for students and academics either studying or teaching on Erasmus Mundus Masters Courses (EMMC) under the Joint Programmes.
Partnerships (Action II)
Erasmus Mundus brings together higher education institutions from Europe and institutions from a particular region in the world by establishing Partnerships across the world to provide mobility for higher education.
The partnership manages mobility flows between the two regions for academic staffs and the following academic levels:
The partnership is generally formed for around a 5 year period. There are many different partnerships with one main goal of providing cooperation and partnership with higher education institutions from targeted Third Countries.
Erasmus Mundus offers scholarships that cover participation costs, subsistence costs, insurance, and travel costs (only a contribution) under its Partnerships.
Attractiveness Projects (Action III)
Erasmus Mundus organizes and funds projects that enhance the attractiveness and visibility of European higher education worldwide. It focuses on the activities that promote the international dimension of higher education in the European higher education system targeting a particular region or a specific academic discipline.
Erasmus Mundus provides funding for all three actions. It is generally made available for students and scholars, who are participating in the European Joint Masters and Doctorates, for those who join through partnerships between European & non-European higher education institutions and for the projects that are aimed at promoting European higher education worldwide.